Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) is Predictive of Complications Following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery.
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"Oxidation reduction potential (ORP) or Redox is the ratio of activity between oxidizers and reducers. Oxidative stress (OS) can cause cellular injury and death, and is important in the regulation of immune response to injury or disease. In the present study, we investigated changes in the redox system as a function of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in pediatric patients. 664 plasma samples were collected from 162 pediatric patients having cardiac surgery of various CPB times. Lower ORP values at 12 h post-CPB were associated with poor survival rate (mean ± SD 167 ± 20 vs. 138 ± 19, p = 0.005) and higher rate of thrombotic complications (153 ± 21 vs. 168 ± 20, p < 0.008). Similarly, patients who developed infections had lower ORP values at 6 h (149 ± 19 vs. 160 ± 22, p = 0.02) and 12 h (156 ± 17 vs. 168 ± 21, p = 0.004) post-CPB. Patients that developed any post-operative complication also had lower 6 h (149 ± 17 vs. 161 ± 23, p = 0.002) and 12 h (157 ± 18 vs. 170 ± 21, p = 0.0007) post-CPB ORP values. Free hemoglobin and IL-6, IL-10, and CRP were not associated with ORP levels. However, higher haptoglobin levels preoperatively were protective against decreases in ORP. Decreased ORP is a marker for poor outcome and predictive of post-operative thrombosis, infection, and other complications in critically ill pediatric cardiac surgery patients. These results suggest that redox imbalance and OS may contribute to the risk of complications and poor outcome in pediatric CBP patients. Haptoglobin may be a marker for increased resilience to OS in this population."1
1. Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) is Predictive of Complications Following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery.
Schmidt AE, Gore E, Henrichs KF, Conley G, Dorsey C et al. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Oct 31. [Epub ahead of print]