Blood transfusions in the operating room are associated with increased morbidity and mortality as well as increased cost. The technology exists for continuous noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring (SpHb), which could allow for the rapid diagnosis and treatment of acute blood loss anemia secondary to surgical bleeding. However, the accuracy of this technology has been called into question. SpHb in the operating room could reduce cost by decreasing lab draws, unnecessary transfusions, and the morbidity associated with blood transfusions. This review examines the accuracy of noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring as well as the role it may play in the operating room.